Against Proclus On the Eternity of the World 1-5 (Ancient - download pdf or read online

By Philoponus

ISBN-10: 1472557441

ISBN-13: 9781472557445

This can be a post-Aristotelian Greek philosophical textual content, written at a very important second within the defeat of paganism through Christianity, advert 529, while the Emperor Justinian closed the pagan Neoplatonist tuition in Athens. Philoponus in Alexandria was once a super Christian thinker, steeped in Neoplatanism, who became the pagans' rules opposed to them. right here he assaults the main religious of the sooner Athenian pagan philosophers, Proclus, protecting the distinctively Christian view that the universe had a starting opposed to Proclus' eighteen arguments on the contrary, that are mentioned in eighteen chapters. Chapters 1-5 are translated during this quantity.

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For if the sun happens to be at the exact zenith, as is sometimes the case among those who dwell beneath the celestial equator and as far [north] as the Tropic of Cancer, it is clear that bodies under it which are in unbroken contact with the earth (so that there is none of the air in between in which shadow and darkness, like light, normally exist) then become shadowless. (Darkness, as Aristotle holds in the On the Soul,54 exists in the same medium as light). Hence there needs to be time, during which [the sun’s] rays do not reach under [things],55 before [it] can, by passing the zenith, provide room at the sides [of things] for shadow.

And, if this were so, it would be a form or property of it. 70 For the sun, inasmuch as it is informed by it, naturally possesses its light inseparably; for forms are inseparable from their substrata. But created things do not inform the substance of their creator. Therefore the sun is not the producer of light. For no substratum is the creative cause of the form that informs it, and nor for that matter is anything at all that possesses them the productive cause of its own property or attribute.

So existing for ever must be too. So the future must already be present too. There is no ‘later’ in that [place]; what is already present there comes to be later elsewhere. If, therefore, the future is already present, it is necessarily present as having been provided for with a view to later [time]; that means that nothing will need for anything then, that nothing will be left out. All things, then, already existed and always existed and existed in such a way that one could say later that this exists on account of138 that.

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Against Proclus On the Eternity of the World 1-5 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) by Philoponus

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