By Edwin A. Lyon
Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize
This entire examine offers a heritage of recent Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Thirties and early Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency reduction management, the Civil Works management, the Works growth management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.
using fundamental assets together with correspondence and unpublished reviews, Lyon demonstrates the nice significance of the recent Deal initiatives within the heritage of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology reworked the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the foundation for the self-discipline that exists this present day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity worthwhile in reconstructing the background of the initiatives that generated the numerous collections that now fill our museums.
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Additional resources for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology
George E. Beyer was a German trained in biology at the University of Berlin who became curator of the museum at Tulane University in 1893. Beginning in 1896 he received some funds from the Louisiana Historical Society for archaeological work. He dug Southeastern Archaeology before the Depression I9 and surveyed in a number of Louisiana parishes. " 59 In Florida amateurs dug in shell middens in the 1880s and early 1890s. S. T. Walker published reports in the Smithsonian's annual reports. He observed stratification of middens and saw change in pottery from undecorated in lower levels through incised and stamped decoration to more sophisticated pottery with handles in upper levels.
ARCHAEOLOGY AT THE DAWN OF THE NEW DEAL By the end of the pre-New Deal period, archaeology in the southeast was still in an undeveloped state. Frank Setzler of the Smithsonian Institution believed that "the limited number of excavations in the southeast prior to 1930 gave us only a jumbled picture of certain exceptional sites which had produced unusual specimens. "87 Observing American archaeology from his position at the Smithsonian Institution, Neil Judd described the discipline in 1928 as lacking national recognition.
In the fall Moore in his steamboat The Gopher would dig sites using five to ten laborers. After the end of the season in April he would prepare a report on his work. His publisher was the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, but Moore paid the expenses for publication of his manuscripts. 43 Moore was very interested in beautiful and unusual artifacts. One of his concerns was to establish his priority in discovery of important artifacts because he realized early in his career that he was uncovering artifacts not previously described.
A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon