By Adriaen van der Donck
This version of an outline of latest Netherland offers the 1st whole and actual English-language translation of an important first-hand account of the lives and global of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden college within the 1640s, turned the legislation enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, situated alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to engage broadly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, certain recorder, and obtainable author, Van der Donck was once preferably located to put in writing approximately his studies and the traditional and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant was once first released in 1655 after which elevated in 1656. An faulty and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity positive factors a correct, polished translation by means of Diederik Willem Goedhuys and contains all of the fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 versions. the result's an necessary first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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Additional info for A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World)
17 At the falls they must disembark and portage their boats and goods a fair distance overland; else they would be carried by the current over the falls and suﬀer damage, as happened to an Indian in our time. This Indian, whom I knew well, had sailed down the river in springtime when the ﬂow is strongest, accompanied by his wife and child and about sixty beaver pelts, which he intended to sell to the Dutch. Not taking care to beach his boat in good time, and trusting the stream too little and his own powers too far, the Indian was dragged along before he knew it, and although he naturally did his utmost, when it was too late the rapid ﬂow of water ﬂung him and his little vessel of tree bark downward, together with wife, child, beaver pelts, and other gear he had with him.
The foreshore as well as the islands are all well situated and suitable for both coastal villages for various kinds of ﬁshermen and for growing grain, wines, fruit, and vegetables and keeping cattle, as the soil is fertile and fairly heavy and overgrown with trees, vines, plums, hazelnuts, grass, and strawberries. They are also rich in oysters owing to the many oyster beds around and near them. , aﬀording very safe and secure berthing. Since New Netherland is not yet as fully occupied and inhabited as could be wished, however, and very few Christians live in or near those places, these facilities are seldom availed of other than in bad weather.
Before our arrival the Indians already had beans of various kinds and colors but rather too pulpy for eating green or for pickling, except the blue variety, which has no such fault. 36 The Indians are particularly fond of these beans and have an interesting way of planting them — which the Netherlanders have meanwhile copied: When the Turkish wheat, as corn is known there, is half a foot above the ground, they plant the beans in between and let them grow up together. The corn being ahead, its coarse stalks serve as bean poles along which the beans run up, and thus two crops are raised at the same time.
A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World) by Adriaen van der Donck