R. Mascarenhas's A Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Capitalism PDF

By R. Mascarenhas

ISBN-10: 0230597807

ISBN-13: 9780230597808

ISBN-10: 1349433047

ISBN-13: 9781349433049

This comparative learn of commercial capitalism is an exam of state-economy kin in combined economies starting from the interventionist German and eastern to the fewer interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that led to the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the strength trouble, the Anglo-American economies followed neoliberalism whereas Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This led to the emergence of nationwide sorts of capitalism. whereas reading the elevated festival among them, R.C.Mascarenhas additionally notes the impression of globalization in addition to 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of business districts.

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The ascendance of neoliberalism with consequent deregulation and privatization challenged the underlying rationale of state intervention. Greater internationalization, it was expected, would lead to a shift of power towards capital and gradual loss of power to labour. While this trend did not actually eventuate in countries like Germany and Japan, the Anglo-American countries did move substantially in that direction placing greater importance on shareholder value (Fligstein, 2001). That move within the Anglo-American group towards a marketoriented model contrasted with the firm neocorporatist stance of Germany and Japan and resulted in a `second wave' of scholarship recognizing the importance of decentralized production and flexible specialization.

377). This taming of the market differs from Schumpeter's concept of the role of innovations in the process of creative destruction whereby inefficient enterprises are bankrupted. Shonfield comments that Schumpeter did not foresee the importance of `authoritative calculations made by postwar governments, whose activities as entrepreneurs have become much the most important single force in the whole system' (1965, p. 53). Conclusion While analysing the intellectual foundations of modern capitalism, I have in this chapter discussed the theories of classical political economists like Smith, List and Marx, advocates of Rational Capitalism represented by Weber, Polanyi and Gershenkron, followed by critics of capitalism such as Hirschman, Hirsch and Schumpeter, and concluded with recent commentators on capitalism like Galbraith and Shonfield.

165). While recognizing the value of Weber's contribution in identifying the type of public institutional structure needed to counter private entrepreneurial groups, Evans (1995) is critical of his lack of exploration into its role in promoting private enterprise. The social systems of production approach to studies of comparative capitalism (Hollingsworth and Boyer, 1997) owes its influence to the work of Karl Polanyi, author of The Great Transformation (1944). Polanyi viewed the institutional framework of industrial capitalism as being based on self-regulating markets and the gold standard, both of which were to be supported by a liberal state.

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A Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Capitalism by R. Mascarenhas

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